Currently the Network is involved in the following research:
Creativity and intelligence in adolescence: contributions from an international study
Background, goal and set up of the study
Although the relationship between intelligence and creativity has been extensively studied over the time, it is still not defined (Ferrando, Prieto, Ferrándiz y Sánchez, 2005) . At first, the most accepted idea is that creative people are also intelligent. However, different authors consider that intelligence does not have to bring creativity associated or vice versa, arguing that both constructs are independent entities.
One of the greatest difficulties in the study of the relationship of these two variables is found in the fact that there is no consensus on its definition. As Almeida, Prieto, Ferrando, Oliveira and Ferrándiz (2008) stated, the difficulty in operationalizing creativity involves various difficulties in their study, including the analysis of the relationship between creativity and other skills, such as intelligence.
The main objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between the general intelligence, measured through the General Scale of the Progressive Matrices Raven´s Test, and verbal creativity, assessed by the answers to the following four questions:
1. Think that you are a journalist and you have to interview celebrities. What questions would you ask them?
2. It is going to be organized an advertising campaign in order to launch certain products and we want to achieve great success in sales. Your task will be to write the largest number of “slogans” you can think of to announce one of these products.
3. Write the largest number of projects that you would like to do.
4. Think that you are a television producer and you want to suggest titles for new programs that will be recorded. Your task will be to write the largest number of titles that you can think for programs for a given topic.
For the correction of the answers we will give different scores to each question based on the answers given by the participants, using the correction method of the Torrance Creativity Test, which assess:
• Fluency: Number of answers.
• Flexibility: Number of different categories in the answers.
• Originality: The assessment of what extent the answers tend to be repeated by many people or not. It involves to calculate the frequencies of the answers and to choose the most uncommon.
Ferrando, M. Prieto, M.D., Ferrándiz, C., y Sánchez, C. (2005). Inteligencia y Creatividad. Revista Electrónica de Investigación Psicoeducativa, 3(3), 21-50.
Almeida, L. S., Prieto, L., Ferrando, M., Oliveira, E., y Ferrándiz, C. (2008). Torrance Test of Creative Thinking: The question of its construct validity. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 3(1), 53-58. doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2008.03.003